Website Development

Web Development Introduction – FREE Web Development Courses

April 24, 2020

So, you are here to learn more about web development, aren’t you? Fortunately, our fundamental guideline below will help you understand how this activity works and some other confusing terms such as ‘front-end’ and ‘back-end’ as well as some recommendations to execute it well.

1. What is web development?

1.1. Definition of web development

In short, web development is that process that contains various activities like developing or maintaining a website either it’s a simple static website or a complex one. And if done well, these tasks might make your website a beautiful and practical one with great performance.

There are 2 main ways to make a website that are coding it yourself or using a content management system (CMS) such as WordPress, Blogger, Joomla, etc. However, the drawback of the latter approach are:

  • You have very little control over your website development process.
  • These platforms only have a limited set of functions and features.

That’s why if you’re rich in resources in terms of human and capital, self-coding will allow you to play around with your website in a more creative and flexible manner.

For example, you cannot develop a website for industries requiring a lot of functions such as real estate, e-commerce or healthcare with a CMS. On the other hand, if it’s your blog, then WordPress or Blogger will work just fine.

What you should bear in mind next is applying the right software development method into your process. At the moment, Agile is considered the most effective framework by many big and small software development companies. 

1.2. Purposes of web development

Let me challenge you this: find a business that has no website. It’s pretty hard, right? Of course, it is since websites have become a norm from company to company and some just run their business via the Internet and get rid of a physical store. But why so?

With this means, your customers will be able to find out more about the products/services you are offering them. Visitors can go around and decide if they like your stuff. At this stage, they can order/buy it or ask for more details. In the third case that customers don’t buy your products/services, at least they know your brand.

Furthermore, as the number of Internet users is higher and higher every minute, a website will help your business be more visible to customers if SEO is done well. This happens since customers are really skeptical and they won’t spend a dime without doing careful research.

2. How to learn web development

There are many reasons (besides your interest) to learn web development whether you are or are not going to become a software developer:

  • High-paid salary. The demand for software developers is getting higher and higher, at the same time, the shortage of talents makes the competition for attracting software developers even fiercer. That’s why it’s no doubt that the salary of such a profession is so appealing.
  • Flexible workplace. You can code everywhere because all you need is just a laptop or a PC. However, don’t worry if you are working in a team. Many different online communication tools (Skype, Meet, Slack, for example) will help optimize the way you guys interact with each other.
  • Learning curve. In general, web development or software development always poses great obstacles regarding new knowledge ranging from new languages, new frameworks to new methodologies. And of course, these things won’t be easy to absorb. However, if you love challenges, welcome to our world.

Then, how to become one? It depends but briefly if you don’t have a chance to go to university, self-learning according to a guideline, participating in bootcamps, finding some proper courses might be some good ways to start.

But first thing first, you must define web developer specializations you might like to be involved in front-end, back-end or full-stack developer.

2.1. What is front-end web development?

Definition of front-end development

The front-end web development is all the activities involved in what a user sees, feels/experiences or interacts with your website.

Therefore, the ultimate goal of a front-end developer is making everything appearing on the screen look good and intuitive.


To start this practice, you need to be familiar with 3 things: HTML, CSS and JavaScrip.

  • The first one – HTML or HyperText Markup Language – will help you structure your website. In other words, HTML is what you need to annotate the interfaces of a website, for example, footer, header, the display of images, text and other media. As a front-end developer, you must master some common knowledge of HTML which are default layout rules, styling, HTML semantic and contextual usage.
  • CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is that language that helps you to make a certain website unique. Or say, if HTML is the body, CSS will be the clothes we wear. Some fundamental knowledge one should be expert in if wanting to be a front-end developer is specificity rules, selectors, cascading, inheritance, box model and stacking context.
  • Last but not least is JavaScript. This programming language is the most popular one in the last 2 decades. People use it to create a dynamic look for a website. Regarding JavaScript, you must understand the three key features: prototype chain, closures, and ‘this’ keyword.
Front-end web development courses for beginners
  • Foundations of Front-End Web Development 


  • Master the Basics of HTML5 & CSS3: Beginner Web Development

  • Master foundational programming languages

  • Front-End Web Development with React

  • UI / UX Design Specialization

Click here for more courses and their details.

2.2. What is back-end web development?

Definition of back-end web development

The back-end web development consists of a server, an application and databases. Codes written by back-end developers will be the bridge between the interface and the databases. When information is provided or action is done on the front-end, the back-end of the web will process these activities with the business logic.

For example, the front-end of Facebook’s login page is the sign in input (see below). After filling in your email/phone number and password, you will click on the login button. That’s when the back-end will process this activity.

So in general, the responsibility of a back-end developer is to build and maintain this side of the web, make the web operate faster and more effectively.


First of all, back-end developers need to acquire knowledge of Java. It is widely used because of various advantages such as great performance, platform independence, robustness, high security, simplicity, etc. Besides Java, We have PHP, Golang, Ruby, Python, you name it.

Back-end web development courses for beginners
  • Java Code Geeks

  • Java Brains

  • The Java™ Tutorials

  • Beginner PHP and MySQL Tutorial

  • Building Web Applications in PHP

  • Introduction to Databases and SQL Querying

  • SQL & Database Design A-Z™: Learn MS SQL Server + PostgreSQL

Click here for more courses and their details.

2.3. What is full-stack web development?

Definition of the full-stack web development

The full-stack web development is the process of developing both servers of a website: front-end and back-end. This means a full-stack web developer should be able to deal with both the databases and the interfaces. Most of the time, this type of specialization will master a certain back-end programming language along with the must-have HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

Full-stack web development courses for beginners
  • Full Stack Web and Multiplatform Mobile App Development Specialization

  • Full-stack open

  • Become a Full-Stack Web Developer

  • Beginner Full Stack Web Development: HTML, CSS, React & Node

  • Git Complete: The definitive, step-by-step guide to Git

Click here for more courses and their details.

3. Top web development tools 2020

3.1. Git

Gir is a tool used to track changes in the source code of a software development project. Thanks to this system, team memes are able to collaborate more effectively. The ability to master Git is also a skill that every developer should have.

3.2. Visual Studio Code

Simply put, this is the most popular code editor ranked by users of Stackoverflow. Besides coding, it also helps developers debug, distinguish syntax with highlights, embed Git, etc.

3.3. Cypress

This end-to-end testing tool will help developers using Java Script write their own tests based on user flow. It’s considered one of the most simple and human-friendly testing tools to date.

3.4. Docker

Docker is a complex tool to master but it will be really worth your effort. This is a product that will deliver software in several packages called containers. Thanks to this web development tool, the setup and deployment steps across servers and environments are simplified considerably.

4. Best web development company

In fact, you can build an in-house team to develop a website for your own business, but it’ll take a lot of time and effort to find the right people. So our recommendation is to look for a software outsourcing company!

However, it’s easy to notice that there are thousands of web development companies in the pool to pick up, what now? Understand your worry, people at Designveloper conduct a list below to help you find the best partner!

To have this list, we’ve considered several factors such as clients, achievements, etc.

  • Unleashed Technologies
  • WillowTree®
  • Rightpoint
  • Rootstrap
  • thoughtbot
  • WDG – Web Development Group
  • ImageX
  • Designveloper
  • Crafton
  • Iflexion

We hope this comprehensive article has quenched your thirst for understanding more about web development. And hey, if you are looking for a software outsourcing company that is affordable and reliable, Designveloper might be the best choice in the town.

At the moment, we are offering a free consulting service, just tell us your idea, we’ll help you realize it!

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