CSS Tutorial: All You Need to Know to Start Your Career

 / October 01, 2021

In this article, people at Designveloper will show you the definition of CSS and a step-by-step CSS tutorial for beginners.

Because if you want to become a front-end developer or just simply want to administrate your own website easier but do not know where to start, then HTML, CSS basics tutorial, and JavaScript are the complete triads for what you need. However, whether your web is simple or complex, the experience with HTML or CSS is indispensable. Even if you are a designer, the basic knowledge of CSS will let you communicate better with developers.

What Is CSS?

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a language that forms style for web pages. It is a style sheet language used to describe the interface and format of elements written in a markup language like HTML

CSS was developed by W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) in 1996 to make an HTML page more aesthetic. It is a key element of web design with the power to separate the presentation and content including layout, colors, and fonts. With CSS, you can adjust background colors & images, layout design, line spacing, font style, variations in display for different devices and screen sizes as well as effects. 

CSS usually works with markup languages like HTML or XHTML. Without CSS, HTML is just a boring document container. However, CSS and HTML are kept entirely separate in two different files so that designers can make changes to the appearance without affecting any of its underlying structure.

CSS3 is the latest version of CSS that has been published since 2005. CSS3 styles have a bunch of new superiority features like rounded corners, shadows, gradients, transitions or animations, as well as new types of layouts like multi-columns, FLEX box or grid layouts. It contains everything from the previous version (CSS2.1) and also includes new features to help developers solve a number of problems without the need for non-semantic markup, complex scripting, or extra images. These new features are:

  • The incorporation of Modules
  • New Combinatory
  • New CSS Selectors
  • New Pseudo-elements
  • New Style properties

So nowadays, when people talk about CSS, they actually mention CSS3 styles and not other older versions.

Three Reasons Why You Should Learn CSS

1. Easy to modify the look of your website

There are thousands of free available templates online but it may not fit your needs. By learning CSS, you can modify pre-built templates without any effort. In addition, CSS also allows non-coding people like graphic designers to control the look, feel, and consistency of the website’s front-end without diving too much into the code world.

2. Save time

A lot of time is saved while using CSS. For example, your website has 40 pages and due to some reasons, you need to change all the text sizes from 14pt to 12pt. It may take you days to implement the whole thing by hand. However, with CSS, you can define all the changes in just a single CSS file and reference all those 40 pages to that same file to complete your work. Consequently, your entire website will reflect the size changes immediately.

3. CSS is a web standard

All browsers now support CSS so using CSS helps you build responsive, future-proof, and highly accessible websites. As we mentioned above, it’s a must if you want to modify the look of your website!

The CSS Tutorials for Beginners

Follow these steps to clarify your CSS roadmap:

css and css3


You should learn the basics of HTML before trying any CSS as HTML is the frame that CSS will add style.

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language – a standard markup language for web pages. HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages which are represented by <> tags. You can distinguish an HTML web or PHP web through its link. HTML pages usually end with .HTML or .HTM. 

HTML is considered a simple language. All web browsers can render HTML pretty well. Nowadays, the latest version of HTML is HTML5 with quality and good features compared with the older HTML versions.

Some HTML documents:

2. Basic knowledge of CSS

css and css3
Source: W3School

So, you knew about HTML or the frame for the website, now it’s time to add some styles to it with CSS. Here are all CSS fundamentals: 

  • Selector: selectors are patterns used to select the element(s) you want to style. Two of the most important CSS selector are .class and #id. At first, there are only seven selectors in CSS1 but the number is over 30 selectors now. Using selectors effectively will help us utilize the power of CSS and prevent writing unnecessary JavaScript code.
  • Basic layout: You must have experience with the box model; the difference between block and inline-block; how these affect padding, border, margin, and width. Furthermore, you will have to acquire knowledge about floats, positioning (especially relative, static, and absolute), and the newer flexbox model.
  • Basic rules: Get to know how to style backgrounds, type, shadows, transformations, etc… and how to style elements using the fewest possible images to reduce browser load times
  • Browser differences: Each browser has some different attributes even though all browsers support CSS. Additionally, browsers differ greatly not only in default styles for forms but even in the style rules

Some valuable resources for you:

3. CSS Frameworks

Once you have covered the basics, we will move to the next step and learn how to use CSS frameworks. There are many CSS frameworks available now such as Materialize CSS, Bulma, and Semantic UI, but in this article, we will discuss Bootstrap – the most famous one. Clearly enough, Bootstrap allows developers to design easier and faster responsive web with HTML templates, CSS templates, and even JavaScript plugins! In fact, its power is used to create typography, forms, buttons, tables, navigation, modals, image carousels and much more. 

Start learning Bootstrap with:

4. CSS Architecture

CSS Architecture is a set of guidelines and best practices to help developers write maintainable, scalable and more reusable code. By applying a modular approach, enhancing organization and naming code meaningfully, we can build clean CSS code architecture. These three important modular CSS methodologies are:

  • OOCSS or Object-Oriented CSS because it works best in an Object-Oriented environment. OOCSS will separate objects and reuse them in the same structure. OOCSS will lighten your CSS file to save loading time, easy to maintain or add CSS for the same object.
  • SMACSS or Scalable and Modular Architecture for CSS: is more a style guide than a rigid framework. It is the instructions to analyze the design, organize a scalable (Code need to organize in an easy scalability way when websites are getting bigger and Bigger) and modular (separate code into small blocks to reuse when needed) CSS
  • BEM or Block-Element-Modifier: a naming standard for CSS class. BEM provides a modular structure for your CSS project. With its unique naming scheme, we will not run into conflicts with other CSS names and debug code faster.

Know more about CSS architecture through these resources:

5. CSS Preprocessor

A CSS preprocessor is a program that extends the default capabilities of CSS and lets you generate CSS from the preprocessor’s own unique syntax. Writing CSS preprocessors will save time and reduce the number of errors or code bloat. It is flexible, easy to maintain and built. There are a lot of CSS preprocessors but developers usually use SASS, LESS, and Stylus.

You can learn about CSS preprocessor at:

It would be a plus if you know how to use Photoshop and/or are familiar with SEO. So many developers nowadays design web on Photoshop before converting it to HTML and CSS form. Creating a design in Photoshop is quick and easy to change or share for everyone.

css and css3

On the other side, SEO or search engine optimization is a standard that helps your website rank on top of Google search results. Knowing its rules will help you optimize your website’s content.

What You Can Do With CSS?

There are a lot more things you can do with CSS:

  • Easily apply same style rules on multiple elements.
  • Present the same page differently on different devices.
  • Alter the display of existing HTML elements.
  • Transform elements like scale, rotate, skew, etc. in 2D or 3D space.
  • Create animations and transitions effects without using any JavaScript.

Advantages of Using CSS

The biggest advantage of CSS is that it allows the separation of style and layout from the content of the document. Here are some more advantages, why one should start using CSS?

1. Multiple Device Compatibility

CSS also allows web pages to be optimized for more than one type of device or media. Using CSS the same HTML document can be presented in different viewing styles.

2. CSS Save Lots of Time

CSS gives lots of flexibility to set the style properties of an element. You can write CSS once, and then the same code can be applied to the groups of HTML elements, and can also be reused in multiple HTML pages.

3. Pages Load Faster

CSS enables multiple pages to share the formatting information, which reduces complexity and repetition in the structural contents of the documents. It significantly reduces the file transfer size, which results in a faster page loading.

4. Superior Styles to HTML

CSS has much wider presentation capabilities than HTML and provides much better control over the layout of your web pages. So you can give a far better look to your web pages in comparison to the HTML presentational elements and attributes.

5. Easy Maintenance

CSS provides an easy means to update the formatting of the documents and to maintain consistency across multiple documents. Because the content of the entire set of web pages can be easily controlled using one or more style sheets.

Top 5 CSS3 Tutorials to Improve Your Web Development Skills

CSS is one of those scripting languages that require the user to use specific patterns and layout options to apply to languages like JavaScript and HTML. When building a new website with HTML and CSS, it’s best to work on a step-by-step basis to fully apply what is being learned.

Our aim today is to cover the most prominent and modern CSS3 tutorials from leading front-end developers and designers. All of the tutorials here are based on the latest standards to help you become a better web design.

1. Editing Images in CSS

While it’s fun to use photos of your own liking in your web designs, sometimes there are things we have to take into account.Using images in web design makes total sense, but the story gets more technical than that. Is the image file size appropriate for our project?

Una Kravets takes us on a 15-minute journey. In it, she gives a talk about CSS image editing and how we can transform CSS to act more like a standalone image editing software platform, rather than just a way to manipulate design aspects.

2. Learn CSS Layout

Web designs are everything about layouts. We create a layout and then use other available elements and functions to style it, to build upon it. And it’s a known fact that much of web design layouts are totally dependent on CSS. Learning CSS allows us to learn more about website layouts and how they work.

3. CSS Refresher Notes

Notes and style guides are the driving force for many of the webs designers. It’s quite essential that we remember to put aside our own favorite note resources for easier future reference. And as far as CSS3 goes, the CSS Refresh Notes is amongst the favorites on the GitHub community. Hundreds of stars, and plenty of community input on how to expand this resource to be the best there is. CSS Refresh Notes focuses on the most crucial aspects of CSS3 development.

4. Variables: The Backbone Of CSS Architecture

Preprocessors have really taken off in recent years, simple frameworks and toolsets that allow designers to extend the basic CSS3 functionality with things like mixins, functions, and variables. The kind of features that you would usually expect to see in a hardcoded programming language like JavaScript. Arguably, everyone should be proficient in CSS3 to be able to smoothly code without using preprocessors.

5. Designing A Product Page Layout with Flexbox

Flexbox is a new CSS3 layout mode aimed at helping designers to best optimize their designs for various devices. The new function is still quite new and alien to many, but the use of Flexbox is becoming increasingly popular in fields like eCommerce.

These are all the resources about CSS tutorial you need to learn about CSS and CSS3. We hope that with this instruction, you can easily take a step in the CSS world to develop and edit your first-ever website.

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